Doesn't 2 Peter 1:4 teach that we can become gods by being "partakers of the divine nature"?
This 2 Peter 1:4 passage never uses the term "gods." LDS and others simply assume this is implied when it states that we "might be partakers of the divine nature." But just because we may partake of the divine nature, it does not follow that we may somehow lose our human nature and somehow gain the divine nature to define what sort of things we are essentially. When Christians partake of the Lord's supper, it doesn't mean that they become the Lord's supper by nature. What is partaken of is assimilated into our own nature, and not the other way around.
But as Christ makes us more like God, we will become more divine, yet without losing our humanness as our essential property (for why it is impossible for even God to make us gods by nature, see my comments in "Doesn't Romans 8:17 and 32 teach that we can become gods like Christ became a god and receive 'all things'?"). This is what many Christian theologians have referred to as divinization or deification. Even though the Bible never uses this syntax of "gods" for humans in their glorified state, there is nothing unorthodox about speaking about humans becoming "gods" so long one keeps in mind a clear distinction between the nature that God has as the Creator of literally everything outside Himself, and the nature we always will have as creatures. It is unorthodox to assert, as LDS do, that God and man are or ever will be of the same species. That is polytheism, whereas Christianity has always been strictly monotheistic.
R. M. Sivulka